Our findings additionally indicate that role models such as for instance Ellen DeGeneres are very important impacts
On GLB identification. Certainly, both studies advised that Ellen DeGeneres happens to be one of the more influential role that is lesbian within the news. This information presents a comparison with a criticisms that Ellen DeGeneres’s being released had not been adequately governmental and did little to subvert conventional norms for representing GLB figures within the news (see Dow, 2001, and Hubert, 1999, for talks). In reality, Ellen had been spontaneously mentioned by numerous participants in both studies, demonstrably designating her as a figure that is influential the GLB community. One participant in research 1 described her as “a part model and good instance but additionally a creative human being, ” and another participant stated that she “gave the power to state i will be gay and it is ok. ” Maybe one of the reasons Ellen had been therefore influential is basically because her show was one of the primary to freely explore the problems and difficulties surrounding being released ( Ryan & Boxer, 1998 ). Both on television and in the media at large (see Gross, 2001, and Tracy, 2000) in addition, she and her popular television character both came out simultaneously, increasing GLB visibility. Although her choice ended up being mainly individual, it became a very influential governmental minute in Western tradition. As Ryan and Boxer noted, her show inspired GLB that is many to look for treatment due to their being released problems, and others used Ellen’s instance and arrived on the scene to their relatives and buddies.
The importance that is apparent of role models such as for instance Ellen shows that the accessibility to positive GLB part models into the news should boost in purchase to higher meet with the requirements of GLB people.
Consistent with this specific idea, Bringaze and White’s (2001 ) findings that successful lesbian leaders thought that positive part models aided them within their coming-out procedure signifies that having good part models may enhance GLB individuals’ potential to produce a completely recognized identification also to be leaders within their community. Because the present research shows, featuring good depictions of GLB people into the news may enhance GLB people’ feeling of self-worth and could finally motivate them to be effective leaders.
Another possible good thing about increasing role that is positive within the news is the fact that it might probably additionally relieve a few of the psychological problems that lots of GLB individuals experience, such as for example low self-esteem ( Frable, Wortman, & Joseph, 1997 ). Because of the significant quantity of proof suggesting that good role models enhance individuals’ self-esteem ( Cheung & Yue, 2003; Ochman, 1996; Wohlford et al., 2004 ), it appears plausible that enhancing the representation of positive GLB media figures might also increase GLB people’ self-esteem. Nevertheless, the news is obviously maybe maybe maybe not the cause that is sole of mental problems of GLB people. As Frable et al. (1997 ) demonstrated, homosexual guys with a top amount of stigmatization from their own families are apt to have insecurity, which can be prone to additionally be real for lesbian and bisexual people. Therefore, societal prejudice against GLB people has to additionally be significantly reduced so that you can allow GLB people a higher chance to achieve functioning that is healthy. Predicated on findings that contact with negative portrayals of GLB individuals could cause heterosexuals to espouse fairly enduring negative attitudes toward this team whereas contact with good portrayals of GLB individuals could cause heterosexuals to espouse more positive attitudes toward this team ( Levina, Waldo, & Fitzgerald, 2000; Schiappa, Gregg, & Hewes, 2005 ), maybe it’s argued that enhancing the good representation of GLB news figures can be an important step that is first reducing societal prejudice resistant to the GLB community.
In conclusion, the research presented right here had been a number of the very very first to utilize both quantitative and qualitative methods to explore the partnership involving the media and GLB identity. Research 1 unveiled a number of the ways that are different which GLB both women and men utilize media to contour their identities, specially during crucial procedures such as for instance realizing their GLB identity and being released to others. Research 1 additionally examined GLB individuals’ criticisms and desires regarding the news’s representation associated with the GLB populace, along with the good components of the news, including being able to provide GLB role models. Utilizing a qualitative approach, learn 2 explored the findings from learn 1 much more depth and illuminated a number of the ways that news part models influence the understanding, development, and expression of GLB identity. As formerly talked about, both scholarly studies offer guidance when it comes to news with regards to changing its depiction associated with the GLB populace to become more representative and less stereotyped and harmful. These modifications may lead the media further far from the “sissy” and “dyke” archetypes toward brand new archetypes resembling good part models such as for instance Ellen DeGeneres and can even be an essential step up reducing societal prejudice and discrimination toward this set of individuals.
The writers want to thank Dr. Sandi Nenga, Dr. Jacqueline Muir-Broaddus, Abigail Riggs, Ryan Giuliano, Jason Dolloff, and Travis Norton because of their efforts towards the article.